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THE PACT FOR EQUITY IS IN PROGRESS. The Speech of President Duque in the UNGA73


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September 27, 2018

THE PACT FOR EQUITY IS IN PROGRESS. The Speech of President Duque in the UNGA73
 
- Peace is an objective of all Colombians. We are going to work for it. Our government is going to work so that the process of demobilization, disarmament and reintegration goes forward successfully. We will offer those who have opted for a genuine reincorporation to legality, subject to the principles of truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition, the proper opportunities for progress and protection. Our purpose is to fulfill those who have taken the genuine path of leaving violence.
 
- Drug trafficking is a global threat. To fight against this phenomenon and at the same time to promote a society that rejects drugs because of its devastating effects on health and society, is our moral duty. We are already taking measures. Two days ago we supported the global call for Action against the Drug Problem, recognizing that work belongs to everyone and requires that all countries contribute, including those where consumption grows or those that are chemical precursor manufacturers.
 
- Corruption is a threat to democracy, to social values, to institutions and must be faced with determination. From the first day of our government we presented measures to the Congress, and then in response to the popular clamor, we have launched an ambitious agenda with all the parties. We show Colombia and the world that we are capable of uniting in national purposes. I invite the international community to strengthen sanction instruments and mechanisms in the face of transnational corruption.
 
- We are experiencing the most outrageous migratory and humanitarian crisis in the recent history of the region, due to a dictatorship that annihilated freedoms. The self-determination of the peoples cannot be manipulated to become the self-determination of the oppressors. The world must act and unite so that this tragic exodus comes to an end and a people can see hope flourish. I am pleased that the United Nations has listened to Colombia's request and that the Secretary General has designated Eduardo Stein as Joint Special Representative for Refugees and Migrants of Venezuela, and thus raise this discussion. I thank the countries that accompanied us yesterday to the High Level Meeting, convened by Colombia, where it was clear the regional commitment to address this humanitarian crisis.
 
- Today more than ever we must be motivated to achieve social justice, reject hatred, polarization, revenge and concentrate on achieving a COLOMBIA PACT: A PACT FOR EQUITY. The Colombia of LEGALITY, ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND EQUITY that we want to build is already under way and we will not let anything take away the hope of being a country that thinks big and dreams of a better tomorrow.
 
 
THE PACT FOR EQUITY IS IN PROGRESS
 
Remarks by the President of the Republic, Iván Duque Márquez, before the General Assembly of the United Nations in the 73rd period of ordinary sessions (v4)
 
New York City, September 26, 2018
 
 
"President of the General Assembly of the Organization of the United Nations, María Fernanda Espinosa
 
Secretary General of the United Nations Organization, António Guterres
 
Your Excellencies, Heads of State and Heads of Missions:
 
I have the immense honor of addressing this Assembly for the first time, charged with history and transcendence, as President of Colombia.
 
I come with the pride of having been elected with the highest vote of our electoral history and at the same time as a member of a new generation of Colombians, motivated by uniting our country around common goals.
 
Colombia is a magical country, where multiple races, regions, customs and ecosystems coexist.
 
It is a nation where the culture, the ancestral heritage, the nature and the industrious and helpful spirit of our citizenry, define the resilient greatness of a society that does not bend before any adversity.
 
Our patriotic, hard-working, tireless force has made Colombia a place that has earned the respect of the world, the interest of investment and that builds a path of progress with democratic institutions.
 
We have maintained economic growth amid complex regional volatilities.
 
We have seen transforming cities and boosting the productive sectors, expanding the middle class, while accommodating ourselves to the challenges of globalization.
 
We have made progress in equity between men and women in the labor and educational world. To recognize this progress, I named the first joint cabinet between men and women in the history of my country. But there is much to be done on this front and we will continue advancing.
 
The pride of telling this story commits me as a Colombian and motivates me even more when in 2019 we will celebrate the Bicentennial of our independence.
 
Today more than ever we must be motivated to achieve social justice, reject hatreds, polarizations, revenge and concentrate on achieving a COLOMBIA PACT: A PACT FOR EQUITY.
 
That is the invitation we are making: that we build a PLAN AND A DEVELOPMENT AGENDA to define state policies in the upcoming decades, taking as a benchmark to reach by 2030 the Sustainable Development Goals, within a framework of LEGALITY AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP TAKE US TO THE LONG-WAITED AND NECESSARY EQUITY TO CLOSE THE SOCIAL GAPS.
 
A national purpose
 
The Pact we propose seeks legality.
 
PEACE is an objective of all Colombians and everyone, absolutely everyone, we will work for it.
 
But PEACE needs to be built with the rule of law that combines the public goods of security and justice.
 
Our government is going to work so that the process of demobilization, disarmament and reinsertion advanced in the last years will go forward successfully.
 
We will offer those who have opted for a genuine reincorporation to the law, subject to the principles of truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition, the proper opportunities for progress and protection.
 
I appreciate the support of the United Nations for its commitment to contribute to this process being successful and for that reason we have asked you to continue with this task.
 
In the same way we will work to reach all regions of the country, mainly those that have been hit by violence, resources and investments that generate hope.
 
The United Nations Mission in Colombia as well as our control bodies know that our government received a fragile process on several fronts.
 
First, there is budgetary fragility: Many commitments were made without allocating sufficient resources.
 
And second is the institutional fragility: a dispersed and complex architecture was created that has been unable until now to efficiently advance towards the objectives.
 
I reiterate to this Assembly that our purpose, the purpose of Colombia, is to fulfill those who have taken the genuine path of leaving violence.
 
We hope to count on the financial support of the international community to give the necessary solidity to the process.
 
But just as we will comply with those who abide by the norms, it is also our duty to apply the law in an exemplary manner to those who persist in criminality.
 
We will not accept that there is repetition and more violence. Those who continue in the world of crime and try to make fun of the victims and the generosity of the Colombian people will receive the full weight of Justice.
 
President, if we want peace to shine in Colombia, we need to defeat drug trafficking.
 
With regard to illicit crops, we received an alarming situation a few weeks ago. The incremental trend of the last five years cannot continue, as these crops have become the fuel and the incentive for the emergence of dangerous organized armed groups.
 
That is why we are committed to dismantling these transnational crime networks with a comprehensive agenda.
 
Drug trafficking is a global threat.
 
It is true that we must do more in terms of prevention and care for addicts from a public health perspective. That is an incontrovertible truth.
 
But it is not less true that drug trafficking in Colombia is a predator of the environment, a destroyer of institutions, a social corrupter.
 
To fight against this phenomenon and at the same time to promote a society that rejects drugs because of its devastating effects on health and society, is our moral duty.
 
We are already taking measures. Two days ago we supported the global call for Action against the Drug Problem, recognizing that work belongs to everyone and requires that all countries contribute, including those where consumption grows or those that are chemical precursor manufacturers.
 
130 nations with the leadership of the United States committed to continue this struggle. We will not give up or accept as a destination the addiction of so many young people.
 
Legality also means the defeat of corruption.
 
Corruption is a threat to democracy, to social values, to institutions and must be faced with determination.
 
From the first day of our government we presented measures to the Congress, and then in response to the popular clamor, we have launched an ambitious agenda with all the parties.
 
We show Colombia and the world that we are capable of uniting in national purposes.
 
I invite the international community to strengthen sanction instruments and mechanisms in the face of transnational corruption.
 
Defeating corruption is a task that involves us all and we must make every effort to make the corrupt visible and accelerate their judicial and social sanctions.
 
Our commitment to Development, our PACT FOR COLOMBIA, also seeks to promote entrepreneurship and the reactivation of the Economy.
 
The Sustainable Development Goals validate our agenda by a Colombia where science and technology are driven by connectivity, access to capital, the advance of the Orange Economy and the promotion of research.
 
A Colombia committed to the protection of biodiversity, the promotion of renewable energies, the reduction of the individual carbon footprint and the formation of a citizenship strengthened by an unbreakable ethic.
 
The world must know that this is the Colombia we want to build.
 
The Situation of Venezuela
 
We are going to work to achieve that Colombia. That is our challenge and our motivation. For that reason I must tell the world that those purposes face a huge challenge.
 
That challenge that our country is experiencing today are thousands of fearful faces, with cold bones, hunger in the stomach and pain.
                                                                                                                      
A challenge that at this precise moment walks to the elements and with uncertainty on the Colombian roads.
 
They are the Venezuelan brothers fleeing the dictatorship.
 
Many of them are innocent children, unprotected, exposed to exile.
 
While the conflict in Syria has generated a flow of 600,000 migrants a year to Turkey alone in a period of six years, Colombia, in less than two years, has opened the doors to almost one million Venezuelan brothers.
 
We have received them with affection and we will always do it despite any social and fiscal difficulties because we are united by fraternity.
 
But we cannot stop calling things by their names.
 
We are experiencing the most outrageous migratory and humanitarian crisis in the recent history of the region, due to a dictatorship that annihilated freedoms.
 
The self-determination of the peoples cannot be manipulated to become the self-determination of the oppressors.
 
The world must act and unite so that this tragic exodus comes to an end and a people can see hope flourish.
 
This is a global challenge. The end of the dictatorship, the return to democracy and full freedom is the only possible way.
 
That is why the international community must immediately demand the release of political prisoners and quickly identify the best solutions to this crisis and prevent this desolation and despair from increasing.
 
I am pleased that the United Nations has listened to Colombia's request and that the Secretary General has designated Eduardo Stein as Joint Special Representative for Refugees and Migrants of Venezuela, and thus raise this discussion.
 
I thank the countries that accompanied us yesterday to the High Level Meeting, convened by Colombia, where it was clear the regional commitment to address this humanitarian crisis.
 
These measures must be accompanied by the creation of a Multilateral Fund to serve the migrant population, victim of the dictatorship.
 
That is why we must promote the proposal that the Inter-American Development Bank and its president, Luis Alberto Moreno, has announced in this regard.
 
But equally important is that all international mechanisms are exercised to denounce, investigate and punish those who have sown this despicable tragedy by the International Criminal Court.
 
Colombia facing the world
 
Excellencies, it is an honor for me to address this Assembly, to present the vision we have for Colombia, to call for global solidarity in front of the Venezuelan people and to make an invitation to them.
 
The world today more than ever requires cooperation and multilateralism.
 
It is time to integrate and not isolate ourselves.
 
It is time to make trade and cooperation the path of shared opportunities.
 
We have a duty to continue advancing in a world where alliances allow us to mitigate the effects of climate change, consolidate fair trade, confront corruption and transnational crime, generate employment opportunities, end discrimination and solidify the idea of ​​producing conserving, conserving producing.
 
The Colombia of LEGALITY, ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND EQUITY, that we want to build is already under way and we will not let anything take away the hope of being a country that thinks big and dreams of a better tomorrow.
 
Thank you very much".