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Colombia’s Leadership in Global Affairs

Today’s Colombia is markedly different than the Colombia of a decade ago. It is a country full of promise. Through a series of bold reforms, the government has fostered growth in the Colombian economy, increased government transparency, invested in social programs and has overseen a remarkable transformation. Not only is Colombia thriving, the nation is now a leader and key strategic partner in the international community.

  • Colombia was unanimously elected on October 12, 2010, as a non-permanent member of the United Nations (UN) Security Council for the 2011-2012 term. 

  • Colombia is the chair of the UN Sanctions Committee for Sudan and the UN Sanctions Committee for Iran. 

  • Colombia supported the UN’s decision to intervene in Libya in 2011 due to humanitarian concerns.

  • Colombia chaired the UN Security Council in April 2011 and promoted a dialogue regarding Haiti. Colombia was accepted as a member of the group “Friends of Haiti.”   

  • The principles of sovereignty, political independence, non-interference and nonintervention in internal affairs, and self-determination of peoples guide the actions of Colombia on the UN Security Council.

  • Colombia will chair the UN Security Council in July 2012. 

  • In addition, Colombia is a key player in the Americas. Under President Santos, Colombia is playing a greater leadership role in regional organizations like the Organization of American States (OAS), the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), the Association of Caribbean States (ACS), the Tuxtla Process with Central America and Mexico, and the Mesoamerica Project.

  • Colombia is also playing a leadership role in the “Pacific Alliance” with Chile, Mexico, Peru, and Panamá as an observer. The Pacific Alliance is a regional mechanism which seeks to create a bloc along the Pacific Rim in the hemisphere focused on promoting common trade interests, innovation, and investment.

  • Colombia hosted the VI Summit of the Americas in April 2012 in Cartagena.  The Summit’s central topic was “Connecting the Americas: Partners for Prosperity." The Heads of State of the Western Hemisphere addressed effective and tangible ways to overcome challenges and achieve greater levels of development and cooperation in areas such as: natural disasters, poverty and inequality, access to technology, citizen security and physical integration.

  • Also, on April 13-14, 2012, the first-ever CEO Summit of the Americas was hosted by the Colombian private sector and the Government of Colombia, with the participation of more than 600 CEOs of the region and Heads of State, in the framework of the VI Summit.

Succeeding in the International Fight Against Drug Trafficking

  • Cocaine production in Colombia has decreased by more than half since 2000, thanks in large part to Plan Colombia. For the first time in 15 years, Colombia is no longer be the top coca producer in the world. According to the UN, the area of Colombian land used for coca cultivation is at its lowest level since measurements began. All of this evidence coupled with the incredible transformation the country has undergone in the last decade, points to Colombia's success in the fight against drug trafficking.

Assistance to Other Nations

  • As Colombia has undergone a remarkable transformation over the past decade with an impressive improvement in the security situation, the nation’s military and police forces are now able to share best practices and experiences with other countries.

  • Colombia is playing an important role in building police capacities in Mexico, Honduras and Haiti, among others; setting up aerial interdiction capabilities in Panama and the Dominican Republic; establishing maritime interdiction structures in 13 countries throughout the region; and establishing a unified front in the fight against drug trafficking with 12 West African countries.