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INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION BALANCE

 

  • 40.260 people from nearly 73 countries have been trained in the different cooperation areas, especially those related to the global drug problem, prevention and control of criminal phenomena, strengthening of military and police specialties, citizen security and organizational development.
  • As far as 2015, 5.074 cooperation activities were conducted with 34 countries. Countries that have been given the most cooperation are:  Honduras (782), Guatemala (741), Dominican Republic (738), Panamá (566), and El Salvador (560).
  • During 2016, 5.164 people have been trained; the countries with the most trained personnel are: Guatemala (992), El Salvador (881), Honduras (837), Dominican Republic (596), Panama (581) and Costa Rica (426).
  • During 2017 5.412 people have been trained: countries with the most trained people are: Honduras (1.036), Guatemala (835), El Salvador (932), Panamá (757), Dominican Republic (810), and Costa Rica (602).

 

Central America

 A total of 23.939 people have been trained in Central America, which represents 59,5% on the global scale.

 

 

-         Triangular cooperation plan between Colombia and Canada, aimed to strengthen the capacity of the governments of Guatemala and Honduras to fight Transnational Organized Crime (effective in 2013). Close to 76 cooperation activities were programed by 2013, 96% of which were executed with a total of 826 trainees in Guatemala and 578 in Honduras.

 

-         Cooperation plan between Colombia and the U.S. to strengthen Central America and the Caribbean, aimed to bring cooperation to Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Panama, Costa Rica and Dominican Republic. The plan has been in development since 2013, executing more than 1.338 activities with 15.534 trained to date.

 

North America

 

6,914 people have been trained in North America, which represent 17.2% on the global scale.

 

South America

 

 A total of 5.395 people have been trained, which  represents 13.4% on the global scale.

 

The Caribbean

 

A total of 3.400 people have been trained, which represents 8,4% on the global scale.

 

Asia and Oceania

 

A total of 343 people have been trained in Asia and Oceania, which represents 0.9% on the global scale.

 

Europe

A total of 218 people have been trained in Europe, which represents 0.5% on the global scale.

 

Africa

A total of 51 people have been trained in Africa, which represents 0.1% on the global scale.

 

Region

  • In addition, Colombia is a key player in the Americas. Colombia is playing a greater leadership role in regional organizations like the Organization of American States (OAS), the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), the Association of Caribbean States (ACS), the Tuxtla Process with Central America and Mexico, and the Mesoamerica Project.

  • Colombia is also playing a leadership role in the “Pacific Alliance” with Chile, Mexico, Peru, and Panamá as an observer. The Pacific Alliance is a regional mechanism which seeks to create a bloc along the Pacific Rim in the hemisphere focused on promoting common trade interests, innovation, and investment.

 

Gains in Fight Against Drug Trafficking

 

  • According to data from the Ministry of Defense, the Government of Colombia has achieved significant progress in the fight against drug trafficking through a counter-narcotics strategy including the following.

     

    Drugs Seized

     

    •        During 2017, the government seized 435.4 tons of cocaine, which represents a 20% percent increase compared to 2016.

     

    •        444 kilograms of heroin were seized.

     

    •       235.2 tons of marijuana were seized, which represents a 22% percent increase compared to 2016.

     

    Production Supplies Seized

     

    •        36,090 tons of solid supplies were seized, which represents a 10.5% percent increase compared to 2016.

     

    •        6.483 milles gallons of liquid substances were seized. This represents a 42% percent increase compared to 2016, in which 4.561 milles gallons were seized.

     

    Production Facilities Dismantled

     

    •        A total of 4,280 production facilities were destroyed in 2017.

     

    •        121 aircrafts belonging to drug traffickers were immobilized or seized, which represents a 53% percent increase compared to 2016. 234 vessels belonging to drug trafficking organizations were immobilized or seized.

     

    •        The Armed Forces regularly take action against criminal organizations by attacking their logistic and financial infrastructure in efforts to improve the well-being of communities.

     

     

    Eradication

     

    •        During 2017 over 52,000 hectares of illicit crops were eradicated, exceeding that year’s goal of 50,000. Of these, 5,505 hectares (10.5%) were located in National Natural Parks.

     

    •        We reiterated our shared responsibility to reduce drug trafficking and consumption at the March 1st/2018 VII U.S.-Colombia High-Level Partnership Dialogue, where we pledged to expand counter-narcotics cooperation over the next five years, with the goal of reducing cocaine production and coca cultivation in Colombia to 50 percent of current levels by 2023.

     

    •        As of August 13th, 2018, we have eradicated by force 30,672 hectares of coca crops, seized 224 tons of cocaine and destroyed 2,496 illicit drugs’ infrastructure.

     

    •        In terms of the Illicit Crops Substitution Program, according to UNODC, by May 31st, 2018, the government had concluded voluntary agreements of substitution with 77.659 families in 42 municipalities, covering approximately 42.352 hectares of coca crops. UNODC indicated that by May 2018, coca crops had been voluntarily removed in 14,757 hectares.

     

    •        The challenges ahead for the Illicit Crops Substitution Program are significant; they demand patience and require building trust with local communities. The Government is fully committed to the plan. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime is overseeing and verifying the process. This is a key component of the strategy to prevent reseeding of coca crops.

Assistance to Other Nations

  • As Colombia has undergone a remarkable transformation over the past decade with an impressive improvement in the security situation, the nation’s military and police forces are now able to share best practices and experiences with other countries.

  • Colombia is playing an important role in building police capacities in Mexico, Honduras and Haiti, among others; setting up aerial interdiction capabilities in Panama and the Dominican Republic; establishing maritime interdiction structures in 13 countries throughout the region; and establishing a unified front in the fight against drug trafficking with 12 West African countries.